CFIUS’ Growing Power to Protect American Security from China Tech Threats: Examining TikTok and Lenovo


Fox News

“Basically any Chinese technology… whether it’s Lenovo laptop, a Huawei phone, or a TikTok app, all of that data is at risk of going to the Chinese government,” Roslyn Layton, co-founder of, said in an interview with Fox News. Read more.


Why Is U.S. Policy Tough On Huawei And TikTok But Not Lenovo? “Using FIRRMA’s stricter standards for privacy and security, earlier approved deals which involved Chinese government investment would likely not be approved today, such as the multi-billion dollar acquisition of IBM’s laptop and server divisions by Lenovo, which the bipartisan Congressional United States China Commission described as one of China’s national tech champions on the order of Huawei.” Read more

One America News

“Whether you’re using a Lenovo laptop, a TikTok app, a Huawei phone, it doesn’t’ matter, the Chinese government has asserted authority over the entire Internet. It says it can collect all data and that’s the way they see it.” Watch the video.  

Parliamentary Intelligence-Security Forum Webinar: “Foreign Investments Affecting National Security”

“Congress had a vehement opposition to IBM selling its assets to Lenovo, but the CFIUS of the time in 2014 believed they could mitigate it. But if you look today at the factors that CFIUS would use… as we contend in our white paper, we don’t think the acquisition would happen.”   Watch the webinar.

“IBM’s self serving and irresponsible sale to Lenovo along with the aggressive acquisition of security related semi-conductor companies, which are a supply chain to DOD, by Chinese interests are among the pivotal stepping stones which paved the way for a more assertive CFIUS. Today, there are seven times more transactions stymied because CFIUS has more resources and a broader legal scope. Americans are clearly safer today with FIRRMA, but the very concerning TikTok acquisition and the history of  CCP subterfuge confirms that CFIUS’  oversight remains very critical to our national security.”
Former Congressman Robert Pittenger, Co-Author FIRRMA 2018

Executive Summary

Beginning in 2017, CFIUS stepped up its efforts to protect American security from investors owned or affiliated with the Chinese government – becoming more rigorous in the number of investigations it undertakes and the number of transactions withdrawn. Then, in 2018, Congress significantly expanded CFIUS’ resources and scope by passing the Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernization Act (FIRRMA).

Because of CFIUS expansion, purchases of strategic American businesses by Chinese interests have been blocked, including MoneyGram, PatientsLikeMe, Grindr, and StayNTouch.

This paper explores two key recent transactions: the on-going review of ByteDance’s purchase of TikTok, and CFIUS’ approval of Lenovo’s acquisition of strategic IBM and Motorola assets, despite vehement opposition from Congress and defense and intelligence agencies. We argue that the Lenovo acquisitions catalyzed bi-partisan reform of CFIUS with FIRRMA in 2018. Indeed, with the new cybersecurity and personal information factors CFIUS must consider, the Lenovo acquisitions would not be approved today.

About Our Co-Author

From 2013-2018, Congressman Robert Pittenger represented the Charlotte, NC area. At the time, he served as Chairman of the Congressional Task Force on Terrorism and Unconventional Warfare, and as Vice Chairman of the House Financial Services Subcommittee on Terrorism and Illicit Finance. Congressman Pittenger was a lead author of the 2018 Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernization Act (FIRRMA), which reformed the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) to crack down on malicious foreign investment targeting national security technology. Today he is Chairman of the Parliamentary Intelligence-Security Forum, which has brought together over 1500 Members of Parliament and other leaders from 106 countries in Europe, Africa, Asia, and South America to discuss counter-terror finance, cyber security, data sharing, cryptocurrencies, and predatory foreign investment.